The main types of wooden houses
The first house that a man began to build when he decided to leave the caves, he built not of stone, not of clay, namely of wood. An ancient person, as a rule, settled in wooded areas, and therefore there was no shortage of material for the construction of the first building structures. Thousands of years have passed since then, but wooden houses are still in fashion. Of course, many other natural materials for construction were found, many artificial ones were invented. But the tree is still popular, despite all its flaws.
Today, at the time of the real "suburban" boom, many developers choose wooden houses for themselves. And this does not happen at all out of cost, since concrete, for example, is much cheaper than any wood. Just many future homeowners want to live in environmentally friendly conditions.
In addition, the wooden house is beautiful in its own way, and if you still ask questions about warming for the winter, then the tree itself is a wonderful heat-insulating material. Of course, there remain such problems as fire hazard and susceptibility to rotting and destruction by woodworkers, but modern protection technologies for wooden structures perfectly help to cope with such seemingly difficult problems.
When deciding to build a wooden house for himself, each developer should think about what type of wood is best made of. Today, such types of wood material as chopped logs, logs, glued beams are popular. It should also not be discounted from the house, which are built on the frame technology.
Wooden log house
Chopped log, or blockhouse - this is the most traditional type of wood. Over many millennia, a special technology has been developed for the construction of chopped houses, and although more modern technologies are more advanced. Many developers still prefer log houses. This type of material is a log cut down manually and manually and processed. The bark and bast are cleaned from it, knots are removed, then the surface is well rounded.Log house with backlight
Logs should be the same thickness, in fact, so they are selected when cutting. After preparing the logs, logging of log compounds begins, which can be of two types - “in the paw” and “in the bowl”. The most commonly used option is “chopping into the bowl,” since it is able to give the corner joints the best tightness. But the option of "cutting in the paw" allows you to sheathe the ends, and in addition - to use logs of different diameters. Both methods are, in principle, good, and each of them is used under certain circumstances.
The disadvantages of log houses
However, with all the advantages of working with chopped logs, this house also has disadvantages. The main one is the need to wait for the general shrinkage of the manufactured log house, which can last for a year. In addition, the implementation of the chopped house technology requires the involvement of good, experienced specialists, who, firstly, are hard to find today, and secondly, they need to pay well for the work.
It is easier to build a house from logs, which is a product of serious factory processing. Felled logs are processed on special machines, and these machines are of two types - milled and lingering. Both types of processing are good, although they differ from each other not only in the way they work, but also in the quality of the resulting product. A broaching machine processes the log along the fibers, and thereby maximally corrects the natural curvature of the log, giving it at the same time an ideal cylindrical shape and slicing the bowl.
A milled machine, on the contrary, cuts wood across the fibers, and thus it is possible to give the workpieces a more correct geometry. However, the latter processing method demonstrates a somewhat lower quality of the log, which, however, does not matter much if the log house is subsequently planned to be finished with other materials.
Laminated Timber House
Glued beam is a physically completely different material. It is lumber in the form of long flat lamellas, which, after good drying, are glued together under high pressure. In the end, all this, of course, looks like a log of square cross section, but composed of individual elements. The advantages of this "log" are that it can be given any size and shape, you can cut connecting and nodal elements from it, and the house is assembled as a designer - strictly according to a plan drawn up in advance.
This approach does not require the involvement of highly qualified specialists and the construction does not stretch for months - a glued house can be built in just a couple of weeks. In addition, the house, built of glued beams, does not shrink, it can be populated immediately after construction.
Thanks to the manufacturing method, glued beams demonstrate good thermal insulation qualities, and with additional treatment with flame retardants and antiseptics it becomes less fireproof and is not subject to aggression by putrefactive fungi and woodworm insects. Of course, such a house has its drawbacks - glued beams are quite expensive. But given that you can build it quickly and with your own hands, there is a saving on specialists. But the fact that the environmental qualities of glued wood are very much reduced - this disadvantage will correct, alas, impossible.
In conclusion, one should at least briefly talk about houses made using frame technology. The frames of such houses are made of wood (metal can be used in some cases), and the shields with which this frame is sheathed outside and inside are also wooden. But inside the frame between the shields a heater of any type is laid, but one that is not subject to vertical shrinkage.
Such houses are lighter than any house built of logs or beams, does not shrink, does not require a particularly strong foundation, it is built very quickly and without involving expensive specialists. However, there are some drawbacks, the main of which is the relatively low strength of the claddings. This will require significant reinforcement of the frame with additional elements that increase the consumption of material.